Features of prosthetics for atrophy
Due to the ability to withstand heavy loads, the jaws function normally. During chewing, blood flow and metabolic processes improve, nutrients enter the tissues in sufficient quantities. After tooth loss, pressure is redistributed, blood circulation locally worsens. This happens with inflammatory diseases that destroy the ligaments, supporting the roots. Also, they systemically affect the teeth.
The entire jaw is affected by the degenerative process. Most of all, due to resorption, the upper alveolar process in the bottom and lateral regions of the maxillary sinuses suffers. It thins in height, which makes it impossible to carry out classical implantation. This forces implant surgeons to look for alternative solutions or to perform an additional operation to form a bed for the pin.
Implantation in our center consists of 6 steps:
- sanitation of the oral cavity;
- 3D modelling of the process;
- surgical procedures;
- the formation of a smooth gingival cuff;
- installation of abutments for fixing crowns;
- casting, making and fixing crowns and prostheses.
Dental implant installation steps
What does bone atrophy lead to?
The degenerative process does not pass without a trace for the gums. In addition to problems with implantation, there are:
- Changing the relief of the gums: the upper rises, the lower sags.
- Deterioration of appearance. The drooping of the lips and cheeks, the omission of the corners makes a face asymmetric and increases age.
- The teeth are shifted towards the hole and become crooked. This is fraught with functional disorders during chewing, worsening of the bite.
- The lack of units in front negatively affects speech and causes discomfort when communicating.
Solutions without bone augmentation
Since osteoplasty is a traumatic and expensive method that delays prosthetics with a fixed prosthesis, the clinic offers innovative systems with instant loading protocols.
The implantation of 4 pins determines All-on-4 technology: 2 are mounted vertically, two on the sides at 45º slopes. The method allows implantation in patients with moderate jaw resorption. The primary prosthesis is inserted depending on the condition of the soft tissues – on the 1-3rd day.
The all-on-6 protocol is identical to the previous one, only six single-piece or two-piece pins with multi-unit abutments are used for installation. Two of them are fixed in front, four in the distal section and place of the molars.
“Zygoma” zygomatic implantation is a way out for people with full adentia. The protocol provides for the installation of 6 cm screws through the jaw with fastening in the zygomatic bone, which is not amenable to thinning. In the absence of limitation, a permanent prosthesis is immediately placed.
The cost of implantation
|System name||Cost, BYN|
|All-on-6 (Switzerland) – the entire jaw on six implants with work and a prosthesis||12 786|
|All-on-4 Nobel (Switzerland) – the entire jaw on four implants with work and a prosthesis||10 480|
|All-on-6 (Korea) – the entire jaw on six implants with work and a prosthesis||6 917|
|All-on-4 MegaGen (Korea) – the entire jaw on four implants with work and a prosthesis||6 288|
|All-on-4 Straumann (Switzerland) (Pro-Arch) – the entire jaw on four implants with work and a prosthesis||9 500|
|All-on-6 (Israel) – the entire jaw on six implants with work and a prosthesis||6 288|
|All-on-4 AlphaBio (Israel) – the entire jaw on four implants with work and a prosthesis||5 974|
One-stage basal implantation prices are 30% lower due to reduced workload and time savings. The expert equipment of the centre and the extensive practice of doctors allow the operation to be performed at a high level. Specialists give a guarantee for work and materials.
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