There are several basic methods of dental implants, which are selected individually by specialists, depending on the clinical, functional and aesthetic indications. As a rule, the following techniques of dental implantation are used:
- classical (traditional) dental implantation techniques
- one-stage transgingival dental implantation techniques
- techniques of implanting teeth without bone growth
Classical dental implantation
The classical dental implants has been widely used in dental practice since the 80s of the twentieth century. However, treatment should last more than 1 year.
The following rules must be followed for classic dental implants:
- after removal (loss) the tooth should go from 1.5 to 3 months;
- it is necessary to carry out the mandatory bone growth in cases when it is insufficient for implantation;
- installation of the implant itself is carried out at least 5 months after bone growth;
- installation of the crown on the implant is permissible, at least 4 months later on the lower jaw and 6 months on the upper, after the implant is installed.
Classical dental implants are performed using modern MIS systems of the Israeli company Medical Implant System. The specific system and subsystem, as well as the standard size, are selected by specialists precisely for medical reasons.
Despite prolonged treatment, classical implantation has its undeniable advantages over other methods:
- this is the most proven method in dental implantology to date;
- when prosthetics on implants installed according to the classical protocol, there is a very large selection of orthopedic solutions (you can install either single crowns or bridges on implants thanks to a wide range of adapters).
Dental implantation method without bone growth
The most modern concept of dental implantation, which has been used in Europe for more than 10 years and is called “4D implantology”. Thanks to this method, it is possible to install implants without bone growth, even in cases where its level is only 4 mm! Due to its reliability, versatility and unique effectiveness, even patients with full edentulous can smile and chew solid foods within a week after the operation. The secret of the technique lies in the design of the implants themselves, which are fundamentally different from traditional ones.
This method is primarily aimed at the rapid restoration of chewing function in patients. The specific system, as well as the size, is selected clearly for medical reasons and can be installed even immediately after tooth extraction in 1 operation.
Main advantages of the 4D implantology method:
- treatment can be carried out in all patients, without exception, regardless of the degree of thinning of the bone tissue of the jaw, as well as the presence / absence of remaining teeth;
- surgical treatment is required only once, implants are installed and splinted immediately after tooth extraction;
- fewer surgical interventions and other procedures reduce the overall cost of dentistry ;
- the effectiveness of basal implants rarely depends on the blood supply to the jaw bone compared to traditional implants;
- installation of a temporary metal-plastic prosthesis for 3 days after surgery.
From the various names of this technique, it can be seen that this procedure, in contrast to classical implantation, is performed without large incisions and suturing, and prosthetics are performed as soon as possible after installation of the implant itself.
The size of the implants and system is selected strictly individually and for medical reasons. And it is also necessary to take into account that the level of bone tissue must be sufficient to install the implant.
Advantages of the one-stage implantation method:
- the ability to restore a lost tooth in 2-4 visits to the dentist;
- does not cause discomfort after implantation.
- the method is recommended for patients who are panicky afraid of surgical procedures;
- a wide selection of orthopedic solutions that allow, in strictly individual cases, prosthetics of single teeth in the shortest possible time;
- the ability to install an implant immediately after tooth extraction.