Many people have encountered such a problem as partial or complete destruction of the crown of the tooth. There are many cases when it is not possible to restore such a tooth with a filling. The crown on the tooth will help to solve this problem – a small denture in the form of a cap that will help get rid of the defect, prevent further tooth decay, will return an aesthetic appearance and lost chewing function.
Installing a crown on a tooth is a very effective and relatively inexpensive way to restore. Depending on the location of the tooth, the degree of damage and the patient’s budget, the dentist will select the type of crown. In addition, the type of product will determine the front of the preparatory work. Therefore, each patient will need an examination and detailed consultation of a specialist doctor.
Types of dental crowns
There are several of the most common types of crowns, which are classified according to the material from which they are made. This or that type should be chosen primarily based on the recommendations of the doctor, and only then on the aesthetic requirements and material capabilities of the patient. Let’s take a closer look at the main types of crowns.
Strong and durable crowns with a service life of up to 15 years. They are inexpensive to install and not at all like real teeth. There are two types of metal crowns:
- Made of precious metal alloys. The most popular are gold-based alloys. They are reliable, do not cause allergies and very well protect the restored tooth from bacteria. The cost of such prostheses can not be called low.
- Made of base metal alloys. An alternative solution here are crowns from titanium-based alloys. They have a lower cost, but they have a shorter service life and look less aesthetically pleasing and therefore are used less often.
This type of crowns consists of a metal base, which is coated with a special ceramic coating. They have an attractive appearance, are durable (service life is up to 15 years), differ in relatively low cost. As well as metal crowns, they have two varieties:
- Base from precious metal alloys. They have a more aesthetic appearance compared to the metal alloy crowns based on gold alloy discussed above. But at the same time they have the same durability and hypoallergenicity. Special ceramic coating makes them more expensive, but still they are among the most affordable.
- Base from a base metal alloy. It is a cheaper alternative to gold-based alloys. Crowns have high durability, but lose in aesthetics to precious metals. Over time, the gums can darken, the metal base becomes noticeable. In addition, some patients may develop an allergy to alloy.
This is the most expensive and most aesthetic version of crowns. Unlike crowns with a metal base, they do not cause allergies and darkening of the gums, and with a decrease in the volume of the gums, the crown will remain invisible, and the teeth will look natural and will not differ from their own teeth. In turn, non-metal crowns are divided into several types, depending on the material of manufacture:
This type of crowns is a metal cast case covered with plastic. They do not have a high service life, but because of their low cost, they are very popular, and are mainly used as a temporary prosthesis during implantation. They are installed for the period of implant engraftment.
Which crowns are best placed on the front or chewing teeth?
Happy owners of healthy teeth, whose trips to the dentist are limited only to a routine examination, are not so many. The remaining patients of the clinics must first cure tooth decay and other dental diseases, and only then decide on the choice of crown. If it is necessary to restore the front tooth, then there are more requirements for an aesthetic appearance, and if chewing, it is necessary to give preference to strength and functionality. Let’s try to understand each of these cases.
The load on the front teeth is not so great, for them the main thing is aesthetics, so the crowns for them can not be selected from the most durable material. The main thing is that the material from which they will be made does not differ from natural teeth.
For prosthetics of the front teeth, it is best to use metal-ceramic crowns on precious metals, or any type of non-metal ceramics. Most preferred is alumina. The only drawback in this case is the high cost, but you should not save on restoring your front teeth.
The situation with chewing teeth is a bit simpler. Aesthetics are not so important here, since they do not fall into the smile zone. The main indicator for chewing teeth is durability and high service life. Therefore, if the patient is not allergic to base metal alloys, then it is worth choosing them. The use of zirconia will be optimal, since such crowns are the most durable and durable of all non-metal prostheses, and moreover they look quite aesthetically pleasing.
The cost of dental crowns
To date, in dentistry, dental crowns of various materials are used. They differ from each other in strength, durability, biocompatibility, aesthetic appearance. Everyone can now find a magnificent smile by putting a crown on their teeth, regardless of their financial situation, since the variety of materials allows you to choose the option for any wallet.
Restoring the front tooth with a metal-free ceramic crown will cost the patient an average of 500 BYN. In turn, installing a ceramic-metal crown on a chewing tooth will cost about two times cheaper, on average, somewhere around 200-230 BYN.
In any case, the final decision about which crown is preferable to install, you can take only after consulting a doctor. Only a professional dentist can tell you exactly which option is right for you, and how much it will ultimately cost.